This course is intended for anyone who is new to software development and wants, or needs, to gain an understanding of programming fundamentals and object-oriented programming concepts. They will typically be high school students, post-secondary school students, or career changers, with no prior programming experience. They might want to gain an understanding of the core programming fundamentals before moving on to more advanced courses such as 20483: Programming in C#.
- Ability to use computers to start programs, open and save files, navigate application menus and interfaces
- Ability to understand logical concepts such as comparisons
- Understand number theory
- Ability to create, understand, and follow structured directions or step-by-step procedures
- Ability to understand and apply abstract concepts to concrete examples
- Explain core programming fundamentals such as computer storage and processing.
- Explain computer number systems such as binary.
- Create and use variables and constants in programs.
- Explain how to create and use functions in a program.
- Create and use decisions structures in a computer program.
- Create and use repetition (loops) in a computer program.
- Explain pseudocode and its role in programming.
- Explain the basic computer data structures such as arrays, lists, stacks, and queues.
- Implement object-oriented programming concepts.
- Create and use classes in a computer program.
- Implement encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.
- Describe the base class library (BCL) in the .NET Framework.
- Explain the application security concepts.
- Implement simple I/O in a computer program.
- Identify application errors and explain how to debug an application and handle errors.
- Identify the performance considerations for applications.
- Introduction to Core Programming Concepts
- Core Programming Language Concepts
- Program Flow
- Algorithms and Data Structures
- Error Handling and Debugging
- Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming
- More Object-Oriented Programming
- Introduction to Application Security
- Core I/O Programming
- Application Performance and Memory Management
Introduction to Core Programming Concepts
This module provides background and foundational information on how computers process information, discusses the different types of applications that a programmer might be creating, and then provides information on how code is compiled and interpreted by a computer.Lessons
- Computer Data Storage and Processing
- Application Types
- Application Life-Cycle
- Code Compilation
Lab : Thinking Like a Computer
- Describe computer data storage and processing concepts
- Describe application types
- Describe the lifecycle of an application
- Describe code compilation
Core Programming Language Concepts
This module covers programming language syntax and the importance of using good syntax and following the syntax rules for the chosen language. This module also discusses the core data types and how to store these data types in computer memory by using variables and constants.Lessons
- Data Types
- Variables and Constants
Lab : Working with Data Types
- Define syntax
- Explain the different types of core data used in programs
- Declare and use variables and constants in a computer program
This module covers how code is executed in a computer program, such as top to bottom, in structured programming and branching in code execution. The module teaches these concepts through the use of functions, decision structures, and looping constructs.Lessons
- Introduction to Structured Programming Concepts
- Introduction to Branching
- Using Functions
- Using Decision Structures
- Introducing Repetition
Lab : Creating Functions, Decisions, and Looping
- Describe structured programming
- Create and use functions in your code
- Create and use decision structures
- Create and use looping structures
Algorithms and Data Structures
This module introduces the concept of an algorithm by examining a daily routine such as a morning routine for getting up and going to work, outlining all the steps required including the decisions to be made as the routine progresses. The module also discusses how to translate these set of steps into pseudo code for evaluation of the algorithm that will be translated into actual code.Lessons
- Understand How to Write Pseudo Code
- Algorithm Examples
- Introduction to Data Structures
Lab : Working with Algorithms and Data Structures
- Transfer problem statements into pseudo code
- Create algorithms
- Translate pseudo code into programming code
- Create simple algorithms in code
- Create data structures to store data
Error Handling and Debugging
This module helps students understand that errors are a part of programming and they must understand how to anticipate errors, handle those errors in code, and present a good user experience with a program. This module introduces structured exception handling as the mechanism to deal with errors.Lessons
- Introduction to Program Errors
- Introduction to Structured Error Handling
- Introduction to Debugging in Visual Studio
Lab : Implementing Debugging and Error Handling
- Implement structured exception handling
- Debug applications by using Visual Studio 2013
Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming
This module covers an introduction to the concepts related to object-oriented programming (OOP). The content has been split across two modules with this module focusing on basic OOP concepts that will provide sufficient knowledge to understand complex data structures starting with structs and then moving onto classes. This module helps the students gain an understanding of how to encapsulate data and related functionality within a class.Lessons
- Introduction to Complex Structures
- Introduction to Structs
- Introduction to Classes
- Introducing Encapsulation
Lab : Implementing Complex Data Structures
- Create and use structure types
- Create and use basic class files
- Choose when to use a struct vs a class
More Object-Oriented Programming
- Introduction to Inheritance
- Introduction to Polymorphism
- Introduction to the .NET Framework and the Base Class Library
Lab : Implementing InheritanceLab : Implementing Polymorphism
- Use inheritance in OOP
- Implement polymorphism in your classes
- Describe how the base class library is constructed
- Find class information by using the Object Browser
Introduction to Application Security
This module helps students think about security in their applications. This module introduces the concepts of authentication for users and also introduces the concept of permissions for the code that is running on a computer. It explains that operating systems might prevent certain aspects of the program from executing, such as saving a file to a directory to which the user running the app might not have permission to write. The module briefly covers code signing and why programmers might want to consider using code signing.Lessons
- Authentication and Authorization
- Code Permissions on Computers
- Introducing Code Signing
- Describe how authorization and authentication work
- Describe how to apply access permissions for executing code on a computer
- Explain how code signing works
Core I/O Programming
- Using Console I/O
- Using File I/O
Lab : Core I/O Programming
- Read input from a console
- Output data to the console
- Read and write text files
Application Performance and Memory Management
This module enables students understand that memory on a computer is a finite resource. It talks about how good application design and good coding discipline with memory conservation and memory management will help programmers learn to develop applications that users will like. This is because these applications will be fast, responsive, and do not negatively impact other applications.Lessons
- Value Types vs Reference Types
- Converting Types
- The Garbage Collector
Lab : Using Value Types and Reference Types
- Implement value and reference types correctly in an application
- Convert between value types and reference types
- Use the garbage collector